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Labrador Inuit Land Claims Agreement

The Voisey`s Bay deposit, located in the heart of traditional Labrador Inuit territory, was first discovered in 1994. In the midst of ongoing contract negotiations and in exchange for inuit not wanting the title at Voisey`s Bay, the parties have agreed to a revenue-sharing agreement, which includes 5% of the provincial revenues from the Voisey`s Bay project, which will be donated to the Nunatsiavut government. This revenue allocation was later added to Section 7.5.1 of the Treaty, which also provides that the province is required to consult with the Nunatsiavut government with respect to applications and authorizations in the Voisey`s Bay area. Until 2005, the province had entered into a development agreement with the proponents of the Voisey`s Bay project and the construction of the mine and related facilities was largely completed, with the exception of a refinery planned for construction and operation in Newfoundland. After withdrawing from the northern Labrador in the 1940s, the government took control of all of the company`s commercial posts and put them in closer contact with the Inuit than ever before. At that time, the government of Newfoundland and Labrador, unlike Canada, did not have organizations that specialized in Aboriginal affairs and had not developed reserve systems or operating contracts with the Inuit, Les Innu, Mi`kmaq or Southern Inuits. In Canada, the Indian Act held the federal government financially responsible for providing health, education and other social services to a large portion of the Aboriginal population. Negotiations on land requirements with the Innu Nation are still ongoing. There are about 1,700 Innu in Sheshatshiu and 900 Mushuau Innu in Natuashish. Before the 1960s, they lived a nomadic existence in Caribu in the interior of the Labrador-Quebec peninsula. The two (2) communities are different from each other, their inhabitants were once known as Montagnais and Naskapi, but they share a political organization, the Innu Nation, which represents them in land claims and other negotiations.

The development agreement included the construction of a cottage in Long Harbour, on the island of Newfoundland, to process ore from Voisey`s Bay in the interior of the province. Under existing mining tax legislation, the developer could deduct the costs of the cabin after construction. The amendment to the development agreements also led the province to obtain substantial payments from the developer to compensate for delays in the construction of the cabin, which was not concluded until ten years after the contract came into force. These payments were not shared with the Inuit. The land claim area is known as Nunatsiavut, which means “Our beautiful country” in Inuktitut, and consists of 72,520 km2 of land in the northern labrador and 48,690 km2 of sea. Of this total, Inuit own 15,800 square kilometres of land and have special penal, marine and land rights in other areas. The agreement also provided for the establishment of the Torngat Mountains National Park Reserve within the residential area. (i) Labrador Inuit Association, evidence of Newfoundland and Labrador, and [1] Nunatsiavut Government v.